Education plays a vital role in human capital formation. It raises the productivity and efficiency of individuals and thus produces skilled manpower that is capable of leading the economy towards the path of sustainable economic development. Like many other developing countries, the situation of the education sector in Pakistan is not very encouraging. The causative factors responsible for the present state include defective curricula, dual medium of instruction at secondary level, poor quality of teachers, cheating in the examinations and overcrowded classrooms. The quality of education imparted by the majority of private schools also remains questionable owing to an acute dearth of properly trained and qualified teachers, and any kind of support mechanism for these teachers with the exception of few large schooling systems which meet the standard, but fall far beyond the reach of a family with normal income.
Balochistan has a population of approximately 7.8 million people i.e. 5% of total population of Pakistan but spread over 45% of land area of the country. Mostly the population of the province lives in small and dispersed rural settlements with only 24 % urban population. Balochistan Educational Arena dripped Poor teacher training, high teacher absenteeism, lack of textbooks, overcrowded classrooms in some schools and inefficient use of facilities in others, and outdated pedagogical practices have resulted in very poor quality of primary education.